of Divine Worship
& Abstinence Regulations
1. Everyone 14 years of age or over is bound to abstain from meat on Ash Wednesday and all the Fridays of Lent.
Everyone 18 years of age and under 59 years of age is bound to fast
and to abstain on Ash Wednesday and Good Friday.
On Ash Wednesday and Good Friday, only one full meatless meal is
allowed. Two other meatless meals, sufficient to maintain strength, may be
taken according to each one's needs, but together they should not equal
another full meal.
Eating between meals is not permitted on these two days, but
liquids, including milk and fruit juices are allowed. When health or
ability to work would be seriously affected, the law does not oblige.
4. To disregard completely the law of fast and abstinence is seriously sinful.
5. Lent is the principal season of penance in the Christian year; all, in addition to following the Lenten regulations, are strongly urged to develop and follow a program of voluntary self-denial, serious prayer, and a performance of works of charity and mercy.
Liturgical Principles of the Lenten Season
Lenten Season begins on Ash Wednesday and concludes when the Triduum Fast
begins with the Church's celebration of the Evening Mass of the Lord's
Supper on Holy Thursday.
weekdays are not commemorated on solemnities and feasts. All memorials of
saints occurring during Lent are observed as optional.
is not sung or said from the beginning of Lent until the Easter Vigil.
Musical instruments may be used during Lent and the Paschal Triduum to
give necessary support to the singing.
worship space should not be decorated with flowers during Lent. Flowers
may be used on solemnities and feasts.
the Sacrament of Marriage is celebrated during Lent, the couple should be
reminded that their wedding plans should respect the special nature of
this liturgical season.
Statues and crosses are not covered during Lent.
In the Dioceses of the United States, the practice of covering crosses and images throughout the church from the Fifth Sunday of Lent may be observed. Crosses remain covered until the end of the celebration of the Lord's Passion on Good Friday, but images remain covered until the beginning of the Easter Vigil.
Ever more attentive to the word of God and prayer, the faithful are encouraged to celebrate the Sacrament of Penance. Pastoral considerations should be given to the celebration of Rite II (Rite for Reconciliation of Several Penitents with Individual Confession and Absolution) more than once during Lent. Catechesis should be given to the faithful explaining Rite II and careful preparation of music and preaching need to be done in order to lead the faithful in an enriching and spiritually filling celebration. As a means of adequately providing time for the celebration of Penance, neighboring parishes are encouraged to consider join celebrations as well as publishing area Reconciliation schedules in their bulletins.
of Initiation During Lent
the resources of Lent should be brought to bear as a more intense
preparation of the elect and the Easter Vigil should be regarded as the
proper time for the sacraments of initiation" (RCIA par. 8).
three Lenten Scrutinies are to be used for the unbaptized catechumens.
Parish celebration for Sending Catechumens for Election and Candidates
for Recognition by the Bishop (RCIA #530-546) is completed before the
Rite of Election is celebrated at the Cathedral.
celebration of the sacraments of initiation for adults and children of
catechetical age takes place at the Easter Vigil.
The baptism of infants and Confirmation would also be more appropriate during the Easter Season.
Wednesday is a day of universal fast and abstinence.
Mass, ashes are blessed and imposed after the homily. When distributed
outside of Mass, a Liturgy of the Word is celebrated, the rite of
blessing is performed and after the imposition of ashes the celebration
concludes with the general intercessions, the Lord's Prayer and a hymn (Book of Blessings
ordinary minister for the blessing of ashes is a priest or deacon.
Extraordinary Ministers may assist with the imposition of ashes where
there is genuine need, especially for the sick and shut-ins.
of the following formulas is used:
Sunday (Palm Sunday)
day we celebrate the entrance of Jesus into Jerusalem in order to
accomplish his paschal mystery. In preparing for this celebration,
presiders, musicians and liturgists should study the General Instruction
of the Roman Missal, the ritual notes in the text of the
Roman Missal and
remember that the liturgy of Palm Sunday is not an attempt to recreate the
events of Christ's procession into Jerusalem.
blessing and procession of palms has a long history and is a venerable
pastoral practice with three forms provided in the Roman Missal. Note that
the first form is a "pre-liturgy" with its own proclamation of
the Gospel; thus this form should take place in a separate location. The
second and third forms are designed as opening rites with no proclamation
of the Gospel. The penitential rite is omitted in the first and second
This is an appropriate day to remind the people that the paschal fast should be observed on Good Friday and continue, where possible, on Holy Saturday.
Mass of Chrism is celebrated in the Diocese of Joliet on
Monday evening in Holy
oils blessed and consecrated at this Eucharist should be received by the
presider at the Holy Thursday Mass of the Lord's Supper in each parish. A
ritual will be sent to each parish for the reception of the Holy Oils
along with the letter concerning parish representation at the Chrism Mass.
The newly blessed oils are to be placed in appropriate vessels and the oils from the previous year are burnt or buried (Oils should not be preserved from year to year). Diluting of oils merely to fill oil stocks for display is prohibited. Adding unblessed oil is permitted only in cases of true necessity. Additional oils may be obtained throughout the year at the Cathedral.
this time of the Easter Triduum (from the Mass of the Lord's Supper until
the Easter Vigil) the Church strongly urges that all, especially all
Catechumens, keep the paschal fast. "The
elect are to be advised that on Holy Saturday they should refrain from
their usual activities, spend their time in prayer and reflection, and as
far as they can, observe a fast" (RCIA,n.185.1).
rites for Holy Thursday, Good Friday, and the Easter Vigil are found in
the Roman Missal, Lectionary and the Rite of Christian Initiation of
Adults. These rites are to be used in all parishes and institutions in the
Diocese of Joliet.
Presiders, liturgical ministers, musicians and liturgists should study these texts and rubrics carefully. This planning of the Triduum should give first attention to the liturgy of the Easter Vigil then Holy Thursday, Good Friday and finally the other liturgical services such as the Liturgy of the Hours and the blessing of Easter food (found in the Book of Blessings).
Holy Thursday morning and throughout the Easter Triduum, a Funeral Mass
may not be celebrated. On these days, the body of the deceased may be
brought to the church for the Funeral Liturgy Outside of Mass. (Order of
Christian Funerals, Part I No.4) At the request of the family; this rite
may be celebrated at the funeral home. The memorial Mass for the deceased
should be offered as soon as possible after Easter Sunday.
Eucharist may only be distributed during the liturgical celebrations on Holy Thursday, Good Friday and the Easter Vigil. The Eucharist may be brought to the sick at any convenient hour except on Holy Saturday when it is only given as viaticum before the Easter Vigil celebration.
Evening Mass of the Lord's Supper
This liturgy is to be celebrated at an evening hour most suitable for the participation of the majority of the parishioners. A morning Eucharist may be celebrated because of a genuine necessity and for those unable to participate in the evening (permission from the Bishop needs to be granted to those parishes with a genuine need to celebrate a morning Eucharist). A single evening Eucharist on Holy Thursday is the norm.
under both species is strongly encouraged.
the beginning of the Mass of the Lord's Supper the Tabernacle is emptied.
All Holy Water is removed from the church until it is replaced with Easter
Water after the Easter Vigil. Enough
hosts should be consecrated for distribution at today's Eucharist and Good
Friday's Liturgical Service.
most distinctive element of this Eucharist is the Washing of the Feet or
mandatum. "The element of humble service has accentuated the
celebration of the foot washing rite in the United States. In this regard,
it has become customary in many places to invite both men and women to be
participants in this rite in recognition of the service that should be
given by all the faithful to the church and to the world. The liturgy is
always an act of ecclesial unity and Christian charity of which the Holy
Thursday foot - washing rite is an eminent sign" (BCL, Secretariat,
the Prayer After Communion, the Holy Eucharist is transferred in a
ciborium to a place of reposition. The Holy Eucharist should not be placed
in a monstrance for adoration, or left exposed.
The faithful should be encouraged to adore the Holy Eucharist for a suitable period of time during the night, but "after midnight the adoration should take place without solemnity" (Roman Missal).
celebration of the Lord's Passion takes place about three o'clock, unless
pastoral reasons suggest a later hour would enable the participation of a
majority of the faithful.
of the distinctive elements of the liturgy of the Lord's Passion is the
Veneration of the Cross. What is to be venerated is the WOOD of the
cross, not a corpus on a crucifix. It is preferable that only one cross be
used for the veneration.
devotional services may be celebrated during the day and evening of Good
Friday, but care should be taken that the Celebration of the Lord's
Passion is the primary celebration of the day.
Holy Communion is only distributed during the Celebration of the Lord's Passion. Eucharist is brought from the place of reposition and after Communion is taken to a place outside the church. Holy Communion may be taken to the sick at any time during the day.
Communion may be given on this day only as viaticum.
Celebration of Marriage is prohibited on this day.
those parishes in which Easter Food is blessed today, follow the ritual
Chapter 54.), there is no mention in this Blessing of sprinkling the
food with Holy Water.
Easter Vigil leads into the final stage of the Paschal Triduum. The
Easter Vigil should not begin until approximately one half hour after
sunset. (The time of sunset will be published in the February JOB).
entire celebration of the Vigil should take place at night, that is, it
should begin after nightfall and end before the dawn of Sunday" (General
Norms, 21). This
Rule is to be taken according to the strictest sense. "The
Easter Vigil is not to be celebrated at the time of day that is
customary to celebrate anticipated Sunday Masses" (Ordo).
Easter Vigil is the only liturgy that may be celebrated this night.
on Thursday and Friday, a second Vigil liturgy (not celebrated
simultaneously) in a second language of a parish is permitted but strong
consideration should be given to a bilingual Vigil.
new Paschal Candle should be used to be a worthy sign of the person and
mystery it signifies. The use of last year's Paschal Candle is not a
worthy liturgical symbol to be used throughout the Easter Season and at
the celebration of baptism and the Funeral Masses throughout the year.
extended Liturgy of the Word is a basic element of the Vigil. Nine
readings are assigned to the Vigil: seven
from the Hebrew Scriptures and two from the New Testament. Only for
serious pastoral reasons should the number of the Hebrew Scriptures
Readings be reduced to three (always including the Exodus 14 Reading).
attain its liturgical fullness, adults and children of catechetical age
are to be baptized at the Easter Vigil. The baptismal liturgy should be
celebrated with dignity and grace and include the full participation of
the assembly. Liturgical ministers should carefully study the Roman
and the Rite of Christian Initiation of Adults.
fullness of the Rite of Baptism comes when immersion is possible or at
least the pouring of water over the entire body. When temporary pools are
used, care should be taken that they have a dignified appearance and are
worthy of the sacrament.
this night, all three Sacraments of Initiation are received by the
catechumens (adults and children of catechetical age).
All hosts for Holy Communion are consecrated at the vigil, as is the norm for all Eucharistic celebrations. Communion under both species is strongly encouraged for the entire assembly.
celebration of Easter continues for fifty days and every effort should be
made to emphasize this through the Church decorations and continued
first eight days of the Easter Season make up the Octave of Easter and are
celebrated as solemnities of the Lord. At Mass, Morning Prayer and Evening
Prayer throughout the octave, a double Alleluia is added to the dismissal
and its response.
Paschal Candle remains in the sanctuary near the altar or ambo through
Evening Prayer on Pentecost Sunday and it is lit at all liturgical
celebrations. After Evening Prayer on Pentecost Sunday, the Paschal Candle
is placed near the Baptismal Font.
Easter Season is the most appropriate time for the Baptism of infants and
the reception of First Eucharist by children previously baptized as
infants as well as the reception of the Sacrament of Confirmation.
Easter Season concludes with Evening Prayer on Pentecost Sunday.